SAT Math Phrase Issue Capabilities: Translating English Expressions Into Algebraic Expressions

SAT Math: Rating Higher by Being aware of How to Translate From English Into Algebraic Notation,

Component I: Translations Involving Only A single Arithmetic Operation College students who rating substantial in the SAT Math are not always greater at computation or equation resolving. What they are greater at is “difficulty translation,” the capability to translate English expressions into algebraic notation. The very good information about issue translation is that minor more is essential than the memorization of a set of rules. In the same way that, when using a foreign language, you memorize the reality that “house” is “Haus” in German, “maison” in French, or “casa” in Spanish, you memorize the simple fact that “a few significantly less than a variety” is composed as “x – three” in algebraic notation.

Phrases indicating addition are in addition, sum, whole, greater than, improve, enhanced by, far more than. Therefore, “the sum of a number and 7” would be prepared as “n + 7.” Discover that we can use any letter as a variable-x, n, w, or w or any other letter we select.

In addition to recognizing the words that show addition, identify the scenarios in which addition is logically implied. Generally, the notion of boost will imply addition.

Subtraction is a little trickier due to the fact often — but not always — the term get of an English phrase indicating subtraction will be the reverse of purchase of the algebraic expression. Phrases indicating subtraction are minus, distinction, and less.

Listed here are some common phrases indicating subtraction and how the corresponding algebraic expressions are composed: A quantity minus three n – 3 The distinction between a amount and five x – 5 three considerably less than a number x – 3 (Notice the reversal of the get.) seven is subtracted from a quantity x – 7 (Discover that the word “from” suggests a starting position. If you say, for example, that you traveled to New York from Cleveland, that phrase implies that you commenced from Cleveland. In algebra, you “started” from x. Hence, the x must occur 1st in this expression.

Also, when translating into algebra, even if the crucial words are not there, if the dilemma implies that a lower has taken place, subtract. For example, if somebody talks about shedding income or the inventory market likely down, a lessen has taken spot. Normally, that will reveal subtraction.

Multiplication: Appear for words like product and occasions. A lot more importantly, search at the fundamental logic of the problem. If the exact same issue is occurring in excess of and above once more and you are making an attempt to uncover a overall amount, believe about multiplying. Understand that the word “of” when accompanying a portion or decimal indicates multiplication. For example, if a landlord owns 10 flats and collects $800 from each and every tenant, his complete revenue is ten(800) = $eight,000.

Division: Appear for phrases like divide and ratio. A lot more importantly, look for circumstances in which the complete is known but the dimensions of each and every specific element is not known. Suppose we reverse the information about the landlord and we know that he has 10 flats and earns $eight,000 for every thirty day period. If we assume that every single condominium rents for the exact same quantity, how much is the rent for every single apartment? In this circumstance, we know a complete volume and are attempting to discover the measurement of every equal element-in this case, a lease payment. Therefore, we divide.

Essential Level: Distinguish amongst the meanings of “greater than,” “is better than,” and “how much better than.” Higher than suggests addition. 8 greater than x x + 8 Is greater than suggests an inequality 8 is better than five eight > five How significantly higher than implies subtraction. “How a lot greater than 5 is x” would be created as

x — 5. Equally, distinguish among “considerably less than,” “is significantly less than” and “how a lot considerably less.”

Less than signifies subtraction. seven significantly less than a variety is x – 7.

Is much less than signifies an inequality. 3 is much less than 6 is three < 6. How much less than indicates subtraction How much less than 8 is x 8 – x Practice the following Translation Exercises: Use x to represent an unknown number. 1. A number increased by 11.
2. The sum of a number and 13
3. 3/4 of a number
4.. minus 17
5. 12 less than a number.
6. 15 is subtracted from a number
7. The ratio of a number and 20.
8. A number of milk cartons is divided evenly among 15 children.
9.. How much greater is 59 than a number.
10. Total profit is x items are sold and earn $6 profit each.


1. x + 11
2. x + 13
3. 3/4(x) (Three-fourths times x)
4. x – 17
5. x — 12
6. x — 15
7. x / 20 (x divided by 20.)
8. x/ 15 (x divided by 15)
9. 59 — x
10. 6x

The next article in this series will focus on translations involving two or more arithmetic operations.